Endnotes

1 Institute of Transport and Logistic Studies (ITLS), The University of Business Schools May 2020, Insights into the impacts of covid-19 on household travel, working, activities and shopping in Australia

2 ITLS, The University of Business Schools May 2020, Insights into the impacts of covid-19 on household travel, working, activities and shopping in Australia

3 Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), July 2020, Weekly Payroll Jobs and Wages

4 ITLS, The University of Business Schools May 2020, Insights into the impacts of covid-19 on household travel, working, activities and shopping in Australia

5 ITLS, The University of Business Schools May 2020, Insights into the impacts of covid-19 on household travel, working, activities and shopping in Australia

6 ABS, August 2020, Weekly Payroll Jobs and Wages

7 NSW Government, ‘More industries to benefit as small business recovery grant extended’, August 2020

8 Job creation to drive NSW economic recovery. Dominic Perrottet Media Release. 16 June 2020

9 Google, August 2020, Community Mobility Report

10 Quantium, July 2020, Economic Performance Tracker

11 ABS, 2016, Census of Population & Housing

12 Transport for NSW (TfNSW), August 2020, Public Transport Patronage

13 ABS, 2016, Census of Population & Housing

14 SQM Research, July 2020, Residential vacancy rates postcode 2000

15 ABS, August 2020, Labour Force Survey

16 ABS, August 2020, Labour Force Survey

17 ITLS, The University of Business Schools May 2020, Insights into the impacts of covid-19 on household travel, working, activities and shopping in Australia

18 Quantium, July 2020, Economic Performance Tracker

19 NSW Government, June 2020, Sydneysiders take to green space during the pandemic

20 DPIE, August 2020, Public space during Covid-19 Survey Report

21 DPIE, June 2020, Public space during Covid-19 Survey Report

22 DPIE, June 2020, Public space during Covid-19 Survey Report

23 The Pulse 2019 GSC analysis

24 TfNSW, August 2020, Public Transport Patronage

25 DPIE, August 2020, Public space during Covid-19 Survey Report

26 TfNSW June 2020, State of the Cities Report: Data Insights

27 ITLS, The University of Business Schools May 2020, Insights into the impacts of covid-19 on household travel, working, activities and shopping in Australia

28 Australia Post, 2020, Inside Australian Online Shopping 2020 eCommerce Industry Report

29 TAFE NSW May 2020, TAFE fee-free courses pass 100,000 enrolments Open source

30 NSW State Librarian May 2020, Millions turn to libraries to get them through Open Source

31 Australian Council May 2020, National Audience Outlook Monitor Open Source

32 NSW Health, June 2020, State of the Cities Report: Data Insight

33 NSW Courts, March 2020 The ‘Coronavirus Effect’ On the NSW Court System Open source

34 ABS, 2016, Census of Population & Housing

35 DPIE, 2019, Net Completions by financial year from FY2009-10 to FY2018-19

36 Australian Government Department of Education, 2020, Research Snapshot

37 ABS, August 2020, Labour Force Survey

38 ABS, August 2020, Labour Force Survey

39 ABS, August 2020, Labour Force Survey

40 ABS, 2016, Census of Population & Housing

41 Duke, J. and Wright, S., June 2020, COVID-19 to cost Australia $170 billion and women will bear the brunt, Sydney Morning Herald.

42 Clearinghouse for Sport, 2019, AusPlay Survey

43 Clearinghouse for Sport, 2019, AusPlay Survey

44 Australian Bureau of Statistics, April 2020, Household Impacts of Covid-19 Survey

45 NSW Department of Education, 2020

46 Grattan Institute, April 2020, Cautiously reopening schools will be a lifeboat for families and the economy

47 United Nations UNCTAD, June 2020, Global Trade Update

48 Destination NSW, 2019, Sydney visitor profile Year ending December 2019

49 World Trade Organisation, August 2020, Cross Border Mobility, Covid-19 and Global Trade

50 Australian Department of Education and Training, 2019, Research Snapshot

51 Australian Government Chief Scientist, May 2020, Pandemic impact on Australia’s research workforce

52 REMPLAN, 2019

53 ABS, June 2020, Building Approvals

54 CBRE, February 2017, Data centres: Bring the could back to Earth

55 Greater Sydney Commission Analysis, 2020

56 ITLS, The University of Business Schools May 2020, Insights into the impacts of covid-19 on household travel, working, activities and shopping in Australia

57 NSW Innovation and Productivity Council, Remote Working (2020), forthcoming

58 Gartner, April 2020, Gartner CFO Survey Reveals 74% Intend to Shift Some Employees to Remote Work Permanently

59 ABS, 2016, Census of Population & Housing

60 ABS, 2016, Census of Population & Housing

61 ABS, 2016, Census of Population & Housing

62 TfNSW June 2020, State of the Cities Report: Data Insights

63 Property Council of Australia, July 2020, Sydney CBD vacancy remains tight despite falling demand, Office vacancy remains strong for Parramatta CBD

64 Property Council of Australia, July 2020, Sydney CBD vacancy remains tight despite falling demand, Office vacancy remains strong for Parramatta CBD

65 Greater Sydney Commission Analysis, 2020

66 Quantium July 2020, Economic Performance Tracker

67 TfNSW June 2020, State of the Cities Report: Data Insights

68 TfNSW, July 2020, Public Transport Patronage

69 TfNSW June 2020, State of the Cities Report: Data Insights

70 We Ride Australia, August 2020, Newsletter Open source

71 DPIE, August 2020, Public space during Covid-19 Survey Report

72 TfNSW, 2020, Pop-up transport

73 Australia Post, 2020, Inside Australian Online Shopping 2020 eCommerce Industry Report

74 NSW Health, June 2020, State of the Cities Report: Data Insight

75 NSW State Librarian May 2020, Millions turn to libraries to get them through

76 ABS, 2017, Household Use of Information Technology, Australia, 2016-17

77 ABS, 2017, Household Use of Information Technology, Australia, 2016-17

78 NBN Co, August 2020, Network usage COVID-19

79 Chrysanthos, N, June 2020, Public school students 2.5 times more likely to be without home internet, Sydney Morning Herald

80 NSW Government, 'Record funding for digital infrastructure' 18 June 2020

81 DPIE, 2019, Greater Sydney Outdoors Study

82 DPIE, June 2020, Public space during Covid-19 Survey Report

83 The Heart Foundation, 2020, Benefits of walking

84 Williams, P. T. and Thompson, P. D., 2013, Walking Versus Running for Hypertension, Cholesterol, and Diabetes Mellitus Risk Reduction

85 Kelly P, Kahlmeier S, Götschi T, et al, 2014. Systematic review and meta-analysis of reduction in all-cause mortality from walking and cycling and shape of dose response relationship

86 DPIE, August 2020, Public space during Covid-19 Survey Report

87 Erickson, K., Weinstein, A. and Lopez, O., 2012. Physical Activity, Brain Plasticity, and Alzheimer's Disease. Archives of Medical Research Coutts, C., Chapin, T., Horner, M. and Taylor, C. County level, 2013, Effect of green space access on physical activity

88 Carter, M. and Horwitz, P. Beyond proximity: The importance of green space useability to self-reported health, EcoHealth 2014; 11(3): 322–332

89 McCormack, G. R., et al, 2008, The relationship between destination proximity, destination mix and physical activity behaviours

90 DPIE, June 2020, Public space during Covid-19 Survey Report

91 NSW Government, June 2020, Sydneysiders take to green space during the pandemic

92 Greater Sydney Commission Analysis, 2020

93 Greater Sydney Commission Analysis, 2020

94 NSW Government, June 2020, Job Creation to Drive NSW Economic Recovery

95 Dominic Perrottet, Treasurer and Rob Stokes, Minister for Planning and Public Spaces, August 2020, $250 million boost for public spaces