What the indicators tell us

PI 1 Jobs, education and housing

Purpose

This indicator monitors the spatial aspects of Greater Sydney’s development, the places where jobs, education and housing are located. These are fundamental to understanding progress towards achieving the metropolis of three cities.

Goal

The goal is better alignment of jobs, education and housing opportunities across the three cities. For jobs and education this means improving access to these opportunities alongside population growth. For housing this means providing a diversity of housing types that respond to changing community preferences and needs at different life stages.

Findings

The number of jobs and tertiary education opportunities are greatest in the Eastern City District while housing diversity is lower in the Western City and Central City districts.

P1 Number of residents, jobs and tertiary education students 2016
Percentage of dwellings by type 2016

Future focus

An increase in jobs, particularly knowledge jobs, and tertiary education opportunities in the Western City and Central City districts is needed to address the current imbalance, particularly as the population of these districts is growing at a faster rate than other districts. Growing centres in these districts will assist in creating knowledge jobs which are largely concentrated in metropolitan and strategic centres, economic corridors and health and education precincts.

A greater understanding is needed of the demand for different housing types as the population grows and changes across all parts of Greater Sydney.

We also need to further develop how to best monitor and report on how housing supply is meeting the need for affordable housing.

PI 2 30-minute city

Purpose

This indicator measures the proportion of residents able to reach their nearest metropolitan centre/cluster or strategic centre using public transport and/or walking within 30 minutes.

Goal

The goal is to improve connectivity within and between the three cities.

Findings

Under the current Network Capability Tool, 30-minute access to metropolitan centres varies greatly during 6–10am the morning peak. However, accessibility improves significantly when this is expanded to include access to strategic centres.

P2 Percentage of dwellings within 30-minute of a metropolitan centre by district 2018

Future Focus

To improve our understanding of connectivity across Greater Sydney more work is required to further analyse a wider range of data and inputs.

A challenge of the current tool is that it does not account for limited frequency of service nor does it relate to the customer experience. Travel related to social and recreation trips also requires consideration outside of workday peaks and on weekends.

PI 3 Walkable places

Purpose

To understand the contribution that walking makes to the liveability of a city this indicator examines walking as a mode of transport generally.

Goal

The goal is more convenient walking and cycling access to schools, shops, public transport and open space.

Findings

Walking trips are highest in Eastern City District and lowest in Western City District. These districts also have the largest difference between access to open space. Walking as a proportion of all trips is low in South District. Walking and cycling to work is low across all districts.

P3 Walking trips as a percentage of all trips by district 2017-18

Future focus

Increasing walking and cycling relies on achieving a better balance of the dual function of streets as places for people and movement. Precinct or suburb level analysis will enhance our understanding of walkability and walking and cycling behaviour.

PI 4 Addressing urban heat

Purpose

This indicator helps to understand the value of green infrastructure such as tree canopy, vegetation and waterways in reducing the impact of extreme heat on people’s health and improving local amenity.

Goal

The goal is to increase the contribution that the urban tree canopy can make to the quality of public places, streets and open spaces which improves amenity.

Findings

The Western City, Central City, South and Eastern City districts are all affected by urban heat. At the same time, these four districts also have lower tree canopy cover.

P4 High urban heat exposure and urban tree canopy cover 2016

Future focus

Increasing tree canopy in the urban area is one way to improve amenity and address urban heat to progress the evolution to a metropolis of three sustainable cities and enhance place-making.

Other ways include monitoring how water is incorporated in the landscape and identifying ways to assist communities vulnerable to urban heat such as access to cooler places and community support networks.

References

  1. Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2016
  2. Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2016
  3. Source: Transport for NSW
  4. Source: Transport for NSW, Household Travel Survey 2007/08 – 2017/18
  5. Source: NSW Department of Planning, Industry and Environment, NSW Urban Heat Island to Modified Mesh Block 2016

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