The A3 (King Georges Road) and A6 (New Illawarra Road, Alfords Point Road, Davies Road and Stacey Street) provide important business-to-business connections across the District, connecting Sutherland and Kogarah, Sutherland and Bankstown, and beyond to Parramatta. These are important for connecting residents to centres where they can access public transport, jobs and services.
Future improvements to the strategic road network and key intersections as well as better use of existing infrastructure – including reallocation of road space prioritisation of productive vehicles and creation of better places on and around transport networks – can improve movement through the District and access to strategic centres.
Current WestConnex works will duplicate the existing M5 by providing twin underground motorway tunnels from Kingsgrove to a new St Peters Interchange, improving east-west motorway access and freight movements for Greater Sydney and the District to Sydney Airport, Port Botany and the south west. Upgrades to the M5 Belmore Road ramps will improve access to the M5.
Into the future, opportunities to improve connections across Greater Sydney from the South District may include:
- extension of the Sydney Metro City & Southwest from Bankstown to Liverpool
- new train/mass transit linking the eastern suburbs with Miranda via Kogarah
- potential train/mass transit link from Hurstville/ Kogarah to Macquarie Park via Burwood and Rhodes
- Central City strategic road corridor linking the F6 to Greater Parramatta and NorthConnex.
Safeguarding the next phase of growth
Public transport initiatives must minimise the impact of future corridors on communities. Where possible, the proactive and early reservation of corridors to protect longer term linear infrastructure opportunities should be undertaken to provide greater clarity and certainty for landowners, communities and businesses. The early preservation of corridors also reduces the potential for conflict in the future to manage growth.
Walking, cycling and local connections
Most people in South District use their car to travel, demonstrated by 78 per cent of journey to work trips being by car. Walking accounts for 22 per cent of trips less than five kilometres, and of the trips over 10 kilometres, 18 per cent of trips are by rail25.
Residents drive from low density neighbourhoods to transport interchanges, centres and places of employment. Parking is becoming constrained near rail stations, transport interchanges, centres and places of employment.
This District Plan supports the introduction of other forms of transport to access centres and the transport network. For example, around centres, in Planned Precincts, and in urban renewal precincts and corridors, improved walking and safe cycling links, improvements to the public domain and an increased tree canopy will encourage people to walk or cycle for the first or final legs of their journeys to and from stations and public transport interchanges. Direct, safe and accessible routes to local destinations and services should be priorities within a 10-minute walk of centres.
More convenient interchanges will encourage public transport use. This includes making interchanges more attractive and providing more services such as shops. Upgrades to Heathcote, Jannali, Oatley, Panania and Narwee rail stations have improved or are improving station accessibility.
In the eastern parts of the District, there is good cycling access to centres, and some neighbourhoods have access to more than one strategic centre within a 30-minute journey.
Cycling can be encouraged as a preferred transport mode for shorter journeys through on-and off-road cycleways linking to centres and local destinations such as schools or parks. The proposed Sutherland to Cronulla ActiveTransport link, a shared two-way pedestrian and bicycle path between Sutherland and Cronulla, aims to address the current heavy reliance on motor vehicle transport for short trips in the Shire by improving walking and cycling opportunities. The proposed route will provide a practical connection to residential and commercial areas, as well as hospitals, schools and transport links.
Transport for NSW is establishing a bicycle network hierarchy in collaboration with councils. The Principal Bicycle Network will establish high quality, high-priority routes within the Greater Sydney Green Grid to facilitate safe, connected direct north, south, east and west connections to centres. Several Greater Sydney Green Grid Priority Projects (refer to Planning Priority S15) include cycling connections to Kogarah, Hurstville and Sutherland, and from Campsie to Bankstown.
Regional routes and local routes identified in local government bike plans will connect to the Principal Bicycle Network to facilitate a seamless and connected network within urban areas. Local streets will connect to local and regional routes to provide door-to-door access for cycling.
Cycleways should be supported by facilities such as bike racks or bike lockers at shopping centres, workplaces and transport interchanges. An example is the bike facilities near Caringbah Station. Increased provision of end-of-trip facilities such as lockers, showers/change rooms at workplaces also support cycling.
For neighbourhoods that are further afield, or where the topography does not support walking or cycling, locally appropriate public transport links such as smaller buses will reduce car use for the first and final legs of the commute, encouraging an overall shift towards public transport.
Changes are occurring in the freight and logistics sector, in part driven by technology changes and related changes to some retail business models. While significant long-term growth in the freight and logistics sector is in the Western Parkland City, the nature of different supplies such as local produce, will require opportunities in the Central River City and Eastern Harbour City to be retained.
Planning decisions should also support the growing demand for parcel deliveries and on-demand freight, noting that the Sydney Airport curfew and the consequent timing of parcel deliveries and collections often coincides with the morning and evening peaks, intensifying peak traffic congestion.